Sixty-eight years ago today, the city that I now call home became a vast, burnt graveyard. I have lived in Hiroshima for almost 17 years, and my children were born here. Now 9 and 6, they have learned about the history of this city, bit by bit, over the years, but grasping a catastrophe that even adults find difficult to fathom is no easy task for a small child.
What do my children think about the atomic bombing, about war, about peace? Today I sat down with my kids and asked these questions. The highlights of our discussion—carried out in English, their minority language—reveal the extent of their understanding and perspective at this point in their young lives.
Me: Today is August 6. Why is today an important day in Hiroshima?
Lulu (9 years old): It’s the day the bomb was dropped.
Roy (6 years old): America and Japan were fighting.
Me: What kind of bomb was it?
Lulu: It was an atomic bomb. I know all about it.
Me: Okay, when did this happen? When did the bomb explode above the city?
Lulu: There was a T-shaped bridge and they were aiming for that, but then they dropped it over a hospital. It was dropped at 8…
Lulu: I was going to say that!
Me: Was it 8:15 at night?
Lulu: No, in the morning. And it was a hot day.
Me: So the bomb exploded at 8:15 in the morning, in the air above the city.
Lulu: Over the hospital.
Roy: And the A-bomb Dome.
“…there was a great big fireball.”
Me: People in other countries know that a lot of people were killed by the atomic bomb. And many people have seen a picture of the huge mushroom-shaped cloud above the city after the blast. But they don’t really know what happened to the people on the ground when the bomb exploded in the sky. Do you know what it was like for the people on the ground?
Lulu: The people died.
Me: Why did they die?
Lulu: Because there was a great big fireball.
Roy: Some people jumped into the river.
Me: They were trying to escape, weren’t they?
Roy: But there was stuff like poison in the water, so they drowned or died.
Me: Where did the poison come from?
Lulu and Roy: From the bomb.
Lulu: And after that, there was black rain. Inside the rain was the poison.
Me: What’s that poison called? Do you know?
Lulu: I think I heard that…
Me: It’s called radiation. And why is radiation bad for people?
Lulu: When it gets in your body, it doesn’t kill you right away, but then you get weaker and you die. Like Sadako.
Me: Yes, Sadako Sasaki, the girl who folded the paper cranes. She died about ten years after the bombing. She was only two when the bomb exploded, but when she was 12, she got sick because of that radiation in her body. She had to go into the hospital and she started folding the paper cranes there. Do you know why she folded paper cranes?
Lulu: Because she wanted peace.
Me: Well, in Japan, there’s a legend that says if you fold 1,000 paper cranes, your wish will come true. And Sadako’s wish was to get better, to get well again. That’s why she folded the paper cranes. And today they’re a symbol of peace, right? People fold paper cranes, thinking about peace.
Lulu: I can make a paper crane.
Roy: Me, too.
“Everyone prays the same thing.”
Me: Roy, what do children in Hiroshima do on August 6? Do they do anything special?
Roy: They go to school.
Me: During summer vacation? Why?
Roy: (clasping his hands together) To pray. And to put your head down.
Me: And what do you pray?
Roy: No more bombs will explode.
Me: What do you pray, Lulu?
Lulu: The same thing. Everyone prays the same thing. No more bombs.
Me: Lulu, what else happens in Hiroshima on August 6?
Lulu: Some people go to Peace Park and they pray at 8:15. After that, they have, like, pigeons and they let them go.
Me: I think they’re doves.
Lulu: No, they’re pigeons.
Me: They’re white. They’re doves.
Lulu: I think they have pigeons in there, too.
“…it doesn’t make any sense!”
Me: So why do people fight and have wars?
Roy: Because one person wants something from another country and another person comes to get it back. And they fight about it. Then other people come and they fight, too. Then lots of people come and they fight about it and it begins a war.
Me: I see. But grown-ups tell kids not to fight, right? But then grown-ups fight and have wars. Does that seem strange to you?
(Lulu and Roy laugh.)
Lulu: They’re telling it to the kids, but if they don’t stop, it doesn’t make any sense!
Me: What do you think about war?
Lulu and Roy: BAD!
Me: What’s bad about it?
Roy: Because a lot of people die. Like this… (Smashes his two fists together) Ow…
Me: Is there anything we can do to stop war and make a more peaceful world?
Lulu: Don’t fight. And also, when you start a war, one country has to give up faster.
Me: But what if they both want the same thing?
Lulu: They can just say, “You can have it,” like that.
Me: But what if they both really want it?
Roy: Somebody has to say, “Cut it in half!”
Me: If you could tell everyone in the world, all the grown-ups and kids, something about war and peace—some kind of message—what would you say?
Lulu: Don’t fight.
Roy: Make paper cranes.
Lulu: Make paper cranes?
Roy: And share.
Me: Sharing is important. Are you guys good at sharing?
Lulu and Roy: NO!
Me: You’re not good at sharing?
Lulu and Roy: NO!
Me: When you don’t share, does it cause a fight?
Lulu: Yeah, and then it goes on and on and on.
Me: What do you guys fight about?
Lulu: Like when we were playing with Lego. I was making it first, then Roy broke mine and I said, “Stop!” But he said, “Nya, nya, nya” and that started the fight.
Me: Roy, you weren’t sharing your Lego?
Me: But you just said, in your message to the world, that sharing is important.
Roy: Sharing is hard.
Me: But if you don’t share, what’s going to happen?
Lulu: Fighting and war.
Me: So what can you do, in your life, to help make a more peaceful world?
Roy: Share my Lego.
Lulu: Share everything!
Roy: And when there’s a war, I’m going to walk through the war and I’m going to look at what they’re fighting about—I’ll look very closely. And then I’ll go back to my house and I’ll make the same thing.
Me: Oh, you’re going to make another one so they won’t fight over it anymore?
Lulu: But how about if it looks junky and it doesn’t look the same? If it doesn’t look the same, they’ll keep fighting.
Roy: I won’t make a junky one.
Me: But what if they’re fighting over land? You can’t make more land, right? What are you going to do?
Roy: I’m going to say, “From here it’s your land and from here it’s your land.”
Lulu: I was going to say that!
“…we can tell other people about the bomb…”
Me: I have one more question. Your hometown is Hiroshima, right? What do you think about that? Is that something important?
Lulu: It’s something important because we can tell other people about the bomb and exactly what happened.
Me: Why do other people need to know about this?
Roy: Because it’s really bad and a lot of people died.
Me: Are there still bombs in the world, like the atomic bomb?
Lulu: Yes. No more bombs!
The Hiroshima Peace Media Center (where I work as a writer/editor)
Hiroshima Peace Site (the website of Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum)